Exodus 1-15 -
God, Moses, Aaron, Pharaoh, Hebrew people
The plagues, the Passover
Key Words/Repeated Phrases
I AM WHO I AM
Go tell Pharaoh
Then the Lord said to Moses
Thus says the Lord
Let my people go
God told the Israelites to bring a perfect one-year-old male lamb (or goat) into their homes on the 10th day of the
first month of the year. They sacrificed the lamb at twilight on the 14th day and put it's blood put on the
doorposts and over the top of the door of their homes to stop the death angel from entering
their homes on the night of the final plague in Egypt - the death of the first born. None of those who had the blood over their door had
a death in their family while the firstborn of all those without the blood died. Passover was to remind them of this event.
Exodus 12:1-28, Leviticus 23:4-5
14 Nisan - first month of Jewish calendar (March or April)
God told Moses, "You shall tell your son on that day, ‘It is because of what the Lord did for me
when I came out of Egypt.’ And it shall be to you as a sign on your hand and as a memorial between your eyes, that the law of the Lord may be
in your mouth. For with a strong hand the Lord has brought you out of Egypt. You shall therefore keep this statute at its appointed time
from year to year." (Exodus 13:8-10 - ESV)
Psalm 22, Isaiah 5
Jesus was the ultimate perfect Passover Lamb sacrificed once and for all.
Feast of Unleaved Bread
Exodus 12:15-20, Leviticus 23:6-8
God established the Feast of Unleavened Bread to remind the Israelites how they had to quickly leave Egypt on the night of the Passover. They cooked
the bread without yeast becasue they had to cook it quickly and be ready to leave.
15-21 Nisan - first month of Jewish calendar (March or April)
God told Moses, "And you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread,
for on this very day I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt." (Exodus 12:17 - ESV)
Unleavenedd bread called matzah is the only type of bread eaten during this feast.
It is made without yeast to remember how the Hebrews had to leave Egypt quickly - without leavening symbolizes without sin...just like Jesus. It is pierced while cooked and has stripes on it when baked -
pierced and striped...just like Jesus.
Names of God
I AM WHO I AM
God told Moses to tell the Israelites I AM sent him to bring them out of Egypt. Jesus also refers to himself in a
similar form in the Gospels, especially John, saying "I am he" - the same name used for God in Isaiah 41:4, 43:10, 13, 46:4, 48:12, and 52:6.
Jehovah-rapha: The God who Heals
used at the waters of Marah after the Red Sea crossing
Exodus 15:26 (22-27) -
If you will diligently listen to the voice of the LORD your God, and do that which is right in his eyes,
and give ear to his commandments and keep all his statutes, I will put none of the diseases on you that I put on the Egyptians,
for I am the LORD, your healer. (ESV)
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